Gajah Sumatera The Last of the Wild Sumatran Elephants

Gajah Sumatera The Last of the Wild Sumatran Elephants

Jelajah Alam

In Indonesia, there is a species that is considered one of the most endangered in the world. The Sumatran Elephant, also known as Elephas maximus sumatranus, is a subspecies of Asian Elephant that is found only in the island of Sumatra. Unfortunately, their numbers are rapidly declining due to habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict.

Physical Characteristics

The Sumatran Elephant is a large animal, with males reaching up to 3.5 meters in height and weighing up to 5,000 kilograms. They have a distinctive gray color with a slightly pinkish tint on their ears, trunk, and belly. They also have a large body with a long, curved tusk that can reach up to 3 meters in length.

Habitat and Distribution

The Sumatran Elephant is found only in the island of Sumatra, specifically in the Gunung Leuser National Park and the Kerinci Seblat National Park. They inhabit the dense rainforests and mountainous regions of Sumatra, where they feed on fruits, leaves, and bark.

Conservation Status

The Sumatran Elephant is considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Their population has declined dramatically due to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. It is estimated that there are only around 1,000-2,000 individuals remaining in the wild.

Conservation Efforts

Several conservation efforts are being made to protect the Sumatran Elephant and its habitat. These include:

  • Habitat protection and restoration through the creation of protected areas and corridors
  • Anti-poaching patrols and monitoring programs
  • Conflict mitigation measures to reduce human-wildlife conflict
  • Community-based conservation initiatives to engage local communities in conservation efforts
  • Research and monitoring programs to better understand the behavior and ecology of the Sumatran Elephant

Challenges and Threats

Despite conservation efforts, the Sumatran Elephant continues to face several challenges and threats. These include:

  • Habitat loss and fragmentation due to deforestation and agriculture
  • Poaching for ivory and other body parts
  • Human-wildlife conflict due to encroachment of human settlements into elephant habitats
  • Climate change and natural disasters such as floods and droughts


The Sumatran Elephant is an iconic species that is critically endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. Conservation efforts are underway to protect this species, but more needs to be done to address the ongoing threats it faces. It is crucial that we work together to protect this species and its habitat for future generations.

05 June 2024 | Informasi

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